Ocean Resources & Ecosystems Program

Program or topic

Ocean Resources & Ecosystems Program

Department(s) or unit(s)

Department of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences

Contact information

Charles H. Greene, Professor
Director, Ocean Resources and Ecosystems Program

Brief Description

Climate Impacts on Ocean Ecosystems and Living Resources
Sustainable Earth, Energy and Environmental Systems

My research focuses on the impacts of climate variability and change on marine ecosystems. Recent research efforts have resulted in major breakthroughs in our understanding of climate impacts on the continental shelf ecosystems of the northwest Atlantic.

I have also recently led efforts to promote the emerging new field of Conservation Oceanography. Conservation Oceanography incorporates the latest advances in sensor technology, ocean observing systems, and computational methods to provide resource managers and policy makers with the information they need to ensure the sustainability of both exploited and protected marine populations.

For more information



  • 2001 MERCINA. Oceanographic responses to climate in the Northwest Atlantic. Oceanography 14: 77-83.
  • 2002 Drinkwater, K.F., A. Belgrano, A. Borja, A. Conversi, M. Edwards, C.H. Greene, G. Ottersen, A.J. Pershing, and H. Walker. The Response of Marine Ecosystems to climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Pages 211-234 in J.W. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir, G. Ottersen, and M. Visbeck, editors. The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climatic Significance and Environmental Impact. American Geophysical Union Monograph Series Vol. 134, Washington, DC.
  • 2003 Greene, C.H., and A.J. Pershing. The flip-side of the North Atlantic Oscillation and modal shifts in slope-water circulation patterns. Limnol. Oceanogr. 48: 319-322.
  • Greene, C.H., A.J. Pershing, R.D. Kenney, and J.W. Jossi. Impact of climate variability on the recovery of endangered North Atlantic right whales. Oceanography 16: 96-101.
  • MERCINA. Trans-Atlantic responses of Calanus finmarchicus populations to basin-scale forcing associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Prog. Oceanogr. 58: 301-312.
  • 2004 Greene, C.H., and A.J. Pershing. Climate and the conservation biology of North Atlantic right whales: the right whale at the wrong time? Front. Ecol. Environ. 2: 29-34.
  • Pershing, A.J., C.H. Greene, B. Planque, and J.-M. Fromentin. The influence of climate variability on North Atlantic zooplankton populations. Pages 59-69 in N.C. Stenseth, G. Ottersen, J. Hurrell, and A. Belgrano, editors. Ecological Effects of Climatatic Variations in the North Atlantic. Oxford University Press.
  • MERCINA. Supply-side ecology and the response of zooplankton to climate-driven changes in North Atlantic Ocean circulation. Oceanography 17(3): 10-21.
  • 2005 Pershing, A.J., C.H. Greene, J.W. Jossi, L. O’Brien, J.K.T. Brodziak, and B.A. Bailey. Interdecadal variability in the Gulf of Maine zooplankton community with potential impacts on fish recruitment. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 62: 511-523.
  • 2007 Greene, C.H., and A.J. Pershing. Climate drives sea change. Science 315: 1084-1085.
  • 2008 Greene, C.H., A.J. Pershing, T.M. Cronin, and N. Cecci. Arctic climate change and its impacts on the ecology of the North Atlantic. Ecology 89(11) Supplement 2008: S24-S38.
  • Baker, D.J., C.H. Greene, R. Spinrad, and J. Yoder. Turning the challenges of climate change into opportunities. Sea Technology 49(9): 7.
  • 2009 Greene, C.H., B.A. Block, D. Welch, G. Jackson, and G.L. Lawson. Advances in conservation oceanography: new tagging and tracking technologies and their potential for transforming the science underlying fisheries management. Oceanography 22 (1): 210-223.
  • Greene, C.H., B.C. Monger, and L.P. McGarry. Some like it cold. Science 324: 733-734.

Category: Ecosystems, Marine, Natural resources, Wildlife

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