June 30, 2014
The Cornell Institute for Climate Change and Agriculture is pleased to have two interns working on our team for this summer, Jacob Sackett and Rachel Erlebacher. Our interns will be working on a number of projects this summer with some highlights being our Climate Smart Farm Stories project, dairy heat stress project, and a comprehensive survey of farmers in New York about climate change.
The interns are already compiling a list of agricultural stakeholders in New York who will be tapped for future outreach and surveys. Over the course of the summer, our interns plan to visit farms, county fairs, and Cornell Cooperative Extension or 4-H meetings for outreach and to collect firsthand information from farmers about how climate change is affecting them and what steps they are taking to adapt.
Jacob is a rising senior in Cornell’s Agricultural Sciences program, concentrating in sustainability and minoring in business. Jacob is from Delhi, N.Y., a small, rural town in Central New York. He hopes to attend law school upon graduating from Cornell and has been interested in environmental science and climate change throughout his academic career.
This summer Jacob will be based in Ithaca this summer, working with Cornell’s Pro-Dairy program on a dairy heat stress project, hopefully developing or laying the groundwork for development of a dairy cattle heat stress tool that will be used to help dairy farmers in a changing climate. Additionally, Jacob will be scheduling farm visits with local farmers in the Finger Lakes Region to discuss how climate change is affecting farming in the region and steps that farmers are taking to adapt to the changes that they are seeing.
Rachel is a rising junior in CALS, majoring in Environmental Science and Sustainability with a minor in Jewish Studies. Rachel is from Pleasant Valley, N.Y., a small town in Dutchess County. She is very excited to be working on climate change efforts in her hometown at the Cornell Cooperative Extension in Dutchess County.
Rachel will be developing a statewide agricultural stakeholder list and preparing a survey about climate change perceptions and adaptation among farmers in New York State. The survey will be administered in Fall 2014. She also will be interviewing and filming farmers in the Hudson Valley regarding their beliefs and opinions on extreme weather and climate variability. The videos will be used for peer-to-peer outreach and education.
June 27, 2014
Solar Tompkins is hosting brown bag lunches in conjunction with various organizations across Tompkins County starting June 30th and running through the end of July. If your organization is participating, learn about the Solar Tompkins program, how solar works, why it’s important, and how it’s become much more accessible and affordable!
Monday June 30, 2014 – Cornell University Mann Library
237 Mann Drive, Ithaca, NY 14853
Mann Library Conference Room 102
Noon – 1pm
Please note that this event is only for Cornell faculty, staff, and students.
We all lead busy lives. Is it difficult for you to attend evening meetings? Here’s an opportunity to attend a lunch time meeting on campus. Solar Tompkins has had a successful first 3 weeks of community solar meetings around the County. More than 450 families have enrolled in the program so far. Room 102 is located on the first floor just off the Lobby near the main entrance.
June 25, 2014
Via EESI Climate Change News [2014-06-23]
On June 19, the New York State Legislature passed the Community Risk Reduction and Resiliency Act, which would require all state-funded projects to factor climate change and extreme weather events into their planning and implementation. Earlier versions of the bill included climate change mitigation provisions, such as carbon pollution control, but these were opposed by business groups and later removed. The bill still needs to be signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo, but if approved, would make New York one of the first states to mandate climate change preparation in state legislation. The bill was sponsored by Senator Diane Savino and Assemblyman Robert Sweeney.
For more information see: Capital New York
June 11, 2014
Cornell’s David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future (ACSF) has given $1.4 million from their Academic Venture Fund to 12 new university projects designed to protect and sustain the world’s environment, foster renewable energy, and promote human health and economic well-being. The awards were culled from a record-setting 49 proposals – about 50 percent more proposals than ever before, since awards started in 2008.
“We continue to pull together teams of people who have never worked together to tackle tough and timely sustainability issues using everything in today’s research arsenal, from social media to new technologies, to better understandings of what motivates people,” says Frank DiSalvo, director of the center and the John A. Newman Professor of Physical Science.
The awards involve 48 faculty members from the Colleges of Agriculture and Life Sciences; Architecture, Art and Planning; Arts and Sciences; Engineering; Human Ecology; and Veterinary Medicine, and the School of Computing and Information Science. All of the projects involve two or more department collaborations. More than 90 percent involve three or more departments.
Read the whole article. [Cornell Chronicle 2014-06-10]
May 31, 2014
Okra, peanuts, cotton and bananas are not exactly staple crops on Ithaca farms and home gardens. But as the world gets warmer, will there be a place for tropical varieties in New York state? And what will happen to current crops such as lettuce, radish and spinach?
Cornell researchers aim to find out by simulating potential climate change conditions under plastic.
A high tunnel – an unheated greenhouse covered by a single layer of clear polyethylene – is being erected at Cornell Plantations to house a climate change demonstration garden.
The high-temperature, controlled precipitation environment will be used by student and faculty researchers in the Departments of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture to research the effects of changing growing conditions on growth and survival of select plants, and potential adaptive solutions.
It will also be an educational tool for the 50,000 people who visit Plantations’ botanical gardens, arboretum and natural areas each year, said Sonja Skelly, Cornell Plantations director of education.
“It is an ideal location to mount such a demonstration, and we are excited to provide an additional opportunity for students and visitors to explore environmental issues through the lens of the garden,” Skelly said.
Read the whole article. [Cornell Chronicle 2014-05-29]
May 22, 2014
A new feature-length documentary explores how communities are adapting to climate change in the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York as seen through the eyes of high school students.
The Resilient Ones: A Generation Takes On Climate Change from Bright Blue EcoMedia had its broadcast premiere on Mountain Lake PBS May 15. Producer Vic Guadagno is encouraging other PBS stations in New York to air the film, and hopes to arrange a screening in Ithaca. It’s not yet available online, but DVDs are available for purchase through PBS.
Three experts from the Department of Horticulture appear in the film. Research support specialist Jonathan Comstock discusses the effects of climate change on farming. Associate professor Ken Mudge and program aid Steve Gabriel about the promise of forest farming (excerpt above).
May 14, 2014
A handful of tree ring samples stored in an old cigar box have shed unexpected light on the ancient world, thanks to research by Cornell archaeologist Sturt Manning and collaborators at Cornell, Arizona, Chicago, Oxford and Vienna, forthcoming in the June issue of the Journal of Archaeological Science.
The samples were taken from an Egyptian coffin; Manning also examined wood from funeral boats buried near the pyramid of Sesostris III. He used a technique called “dendro radiocarbon wiggle matching,” which calibrates radiocarbon isotopes found in the sample tree rings with patterns known from other places in the world that have already identified chronologies, such as the long European oak chronology or the bristle cone pine trees of North America. …
The samples showed a small, unusual anomaly following the year 2200 B.C. Paleoclimate research has suggested a major short-term arid event about this time. …
“This radiocarbon anomaly would be explained by a change in growing season, i.e., climate, dating to exactly this arid period of time,” says Manning. “We’re showing that radiocarbon and these archaeological objects can confirm and in some ways better date a key climate episode.”
That climate episode, says Manning, had major political implications. There was just enough change in the climate to upset food resources and other infrastructure, which is likely what led to the collapse of the Akkadian Empire and affected the Old Kingdom of Egypt and a number of other civilizations, he says.
“The tree rings show the kind of rapid climate change that we and policymakers fear,” says Manning.
Read the whole article. [Cornell Chronicle 2014-05-14]
May 14, 2014
As the shale gas boom continues, the atmosphere receives more methane, adding to Earth’s greenhouse gas problem. A Cornell ecology professor fears that we may not be many years away from an environmental tipping point – and disaster.
“We have to control methane immediately, and natural gas is the largest methane pollution source in the United States,” said Robert Howarth, the David R. Atkinson Professor of Ecology and Environmental Biology, who explains in an upcoming journal article that Earth may reach the point of no return if average global temperatures rise by 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius in future decades. “If we hit a climate-system tipping point because of methane, our carbon dioxide problem is immaterial. We have to get a handle on methane, or increasingly risk global catastrophe.”
Howarth’s study, “A Bridge to Nowhere: Methane Emissions and the Greenhouse Gas Footprint of Natural Gas,” will be published May 20 in the journal Energy Science and Engineering.
Read the whole article. [Cornell Chronicle 2014-05-13]
May 13, 2014
The Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management’s Center for Sustainable Global Enterprise at Cornell announced the launch of a green revolving fund (GRF) to enhance energy conservation efforts in campus buildings. The GRF becomes part of a program that will help students gain experience leveraging technology and investment to combat climate change.
The launch of GRF stems from work by Energy Corps, a campuswide student organization established in 2012 dedicated to improving energy efficiency at Cornell. The fund will provide low-interest loans to colleges and departments across campus for investments in energy efficiency technology upgrades that yield significant financial returns.
“Energy Corps has done an amazing job catalyzing support for a GRF here at Cornell,” said Mark Milstein, director of the center and Johnson clinical professor of management. “By launching this program, we have the opportunity to provide students a unique educational opportunity that will have tremendous impact on campus and around the world.”
To date, Energy Corps has completed numerous projects across campus with estimated savings of more than $200,000 over the next seven years.
Read the whole article.[Cornell Chronicle 2014-05-13]
May 8, 2014
The struggle to understand how to read literature and write under nuclear threat inspired a special issue of diacritics, the review of contemporary criticism published since 1971 by Cornell’s Department of Romance Studies. Richard Klein, professor emeritus of French, edited that issue and – 30 years later – has contributed an essay to the new issue on the subject of climate change.
Contributors to the new issue examine how we think about literature differently today from when we more directly experienced the fear of the mushroom cloud, says Karen Pinkus ’84, professor of Italian and comparative literature in the College of Arts and Sciences, who edited the special issue. “The nuclear threat hasn’t gone away, but it’s been pushed to the margins. Most people don’t have moments of panic anticipating a nuclear bomb.”
Klein’s new essay is titled “Climate Change Through the Lens of Nuclear Criticism.” He writes: “It was in 1945, at the start of the nuclear era, that humans for the first time created the capacity to destroy civilization. Since then, we have arrived at new means to accomplish the same end.”
“Confronting climate change requires us to muster all the resources to deal with it, and that includes philosophical thinking about the nature of what we’re confronting,” adds Pinkus. “That broader perspective is essential, as it offers another way of thinking – perhaps an impractical way, but one that it is more attuned to the enormity of the challenges – that the more local technical and scientific solutions can’t.”