Agriculture Resources



  • Farming Success in an Uncertain Climate [4-page factsheet] – Climate change is already posing new challenges to farming, such as increased risk of flooding, summer heat stress, and more intense pest and weed pressures. Many of the commodities that currently dominate the New York agricultural sector, like dairy products, apples, cabbage, and potatoes, are not well suited for the warming trends predicted for this century. However, there will be profitable opportunities to experiment with new crops or new crop varieties as temperatures rise and the growing season lengthens.

Cornell Institute for Climate Smart Solutions 

The Cornell Institute for Climate Smart Solutions  at Cornell University serves as a focal point to facilitate research, education, and outreach to reduce the agricultural sectors’ collective impact on the climate, and help farmers to become more resilient to climate change. The Institute is supported by the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station‘s USDA Hatch funds.

  • Farm Energy, Carbon, and Greenhouse Gases [4-page factsheet] – Farmers today face rising energy costs and uncertainty about future energy policies that affect agriculture. Many farmers are responding by improving the energy efficiency of their operations and exploring alternatives to traditional fossil fuels such as wind, solar, and biofuel crops. Improving nitrogen fertilizer use efficiency is another important strategy because fertilizer cost is tightly linked to energy prices, and excessive applications increase the release of nitrous oxide (N2O), a very potent greenhouse gas (GHG).


Cornell researchers are developing decision-support tools to help farmers mitigate and adapt to climate change. Further tools will be added as they are developed:

  • Adapt-N – An online nitrogen management tool for corn growers that helps cut emissions of nitrous oxide, a potent greenhouse gas. 
  • Cornell Soil Health Assessment Program – Soil health is a concept that deals with the integration and optimization of the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil for improved productivity and environmental quality. The Cornell Soil Health Team has been working to address soil degradation issues that have resulted in reduced soil quality, and lower crop productivity and farm profitability, by developing a cost-effective protocol for assessing the health status of soils in New York and the Northeast region.
  • Vineyard Site AnalysisCornell researchers partnered with the Institute for the Application of Geospatial Technology (IAGT) to develop a viticulture decision tool for climate and viticulture site evaluation research projects. The partners developed a web-based, interactive mapping application that could be used as a one-stop-shop for geospatial data for current growers and for other people who might be interested in establishing a vineyard within New York State.
  • Northeast Regional Climate Center – The NRCC at Cornell University facilitates and enhances the collection, dissemination, and use of climate data and information, as well as monitors and assesses climatic conditions and impacts in the northeast. The NRCC provides specialized climate and weather tools for various sectors, such as the turf grass, field crops and fruit crops industries (click Analyses for Industry in the left navigation on the website) and other climate change resources.
  • Network for Environment and Weather Applications (NEWA) - Free access to 40 IPM, crop management, degree day, disease forecast, insect phenology, and crop development tools driven by weather data and forecasts from more than 400 weather stations, primarily owned by farmers across the Northeast, mid-Atlantic, Southeast, and North Central regions of the U.S. Primarily supports apple, grape, onion and potato IPM practices.
  • Willowpedia – Supports a community of knowledge surrounding the academic study and commercial use of shrub willow (Salix spp.) as a sustainable feedstock crop for bioenergy, biofuels, and bioproducts, as well as for environmental engineering and horticultural applications.


Featured videos:

  • Agriculture and Adaptation – How New York farmers (dairy, apple, grape, CSA) are adjusting their management to the realities of a changing climate.
  • Farming for Energy - Features two New York farmers who have reduced their energy costs and carbon footprint: A dairy producer who constructed a methane digester and an apple orchardist who is powering his operation with electricity from wind and solar.

More Cornell videos:

Reports and studies

Workshops presentations

Also at this site

Photo copyright George Shinn. Used with permission.

Photo copyright George Shinn. Used with permission.

Online courses

  • Online Animal Agriculture & Climate Change Certification Course - This 12-hour, self-paced, national online certification course has been developed specifically to equip Extension Educators and other Agricultural Service Providers with the background necessary to instruct and advise farmers and ranchers in all aspects of animal agriculture and climate change.

Other resources


For more information on the resources in this section, contact: